The Epigraphical Museum, which was founded in 1885 and is located in the center of Athens is unique in Greece and throughout the world as it is the largest museum of its kind to safeguard ancient Greek inscriptions written on stone from the Attica region as well as other areas of the ancient Greek world.
A total of 14,000 inscriptions are kept by the museum, whose purpose is to safeguard, protect, conserve, display and promote its epigraphical collections. The museum also has photographic material, a specialized epigraphy library and scientific files related to the inscriptions.
In their majority the inscriptions are written on stone, mainly marble, while others have been found on clay. Most inscriptions are in ancient, Greek, however, there are some inscriptions in Latin, Jewish, a few in Ottoman and other languages on display. All the inscriptions date back to the 8th century B.C. until the 5-6th century A.D. although there are few from the byzantine and post-byzantine period. The majority of the inscriptions originate from the Attica region, while some are from the south of Greece and its islands and a few from Asia Minor.