The grand and remarkably impressive Parthenon stands on top of Acropolis hill.
The temple of the Parthenon, built in honor of the goddess Athena in mid 5th century BC, is situated on the base of an earlier temple on the same site and was designed by two great architects of the time, Iktinos and Kallikrates. Pheidias is certain to have been involved in the sculptural decoration. The architectural artifices -among others - render this monument unique and the combination of Doric and Ionic orders, the use of Pentelic marble and the harmonious proportions are what comprise its main features.
Apart from its architectural ingenuity, the temple's interior also included an exceptional innovation, the gold and ivory statue of the Virgin Athena which to this day, evokes great admiration. After the 5th century AD, the Parthenon was converted into a church, dedicated first to Saint Sophia and later to Panagia (Virgin Mary). It was later converted into a mosque under Turkish rule.
In 1687, during the siege of Acropolis by Morozini, a large part collapsed due to an explosion and in the early 19th century, the sculptural decoration was looted by Lord Elgin. Some of the sculptures which were stolen can still be found today in the British Museum. Conservation and works of restoration of the monument are currently under way.