It is considered to be the center of the city (the distance of all regions in Greece from Athens is measured from this point) and is one of the busiest areas in Athens. Syntagma Square, where the iconic Greek Parliament building stands, could easily be classified as a "jewel" in Greece's capital.
Until 1843 it was known as Palace Square, but in September of that year it was renamed Syntagma (Constitution) Square after the 3rd September Revolution when King Otto was forced to convene the national convention and form the constitution.
The building which today houses the Greek Parliament -a fine example of the early neoclassical period- was built in 1843 to serve as King Otto's Palace. In 1910 it was renovated and since then it has housed the Greek Parliament with conference rooms, the House President's office and other services. One of the most popular attractions is the hourly changing of the Guards in front of the Statue of the Unknown Soldier. Another landmark is the legendary Grande Bretagne Hotel.
Syntagma Square is the hub for public transport and this is where the most central metro station, the tram terminal, as well as trolley bus stops and bus lines are. It is also the starting point for the Eleftherios Venizelos Athens International Airport bus line. Vasileos Georgiou Street (north), Othonos Street (south), Filellinon Street (west) and Amalias Avenue (east) all lead off from the square. It is also close to major attractions and famous neighborhoods in Athens such as Acropolis, Monastiraki, Plaka, Kolonaki etc.