Kefalos, the most remote village on the island, 40 km southwest of Kos town, is built on a hill in the western part of the island. In antiquity, it was Kos' first capital (until 366 BC) and went by the name Astypalaia. In fact, the first sign of life apparent in Kefalos and throughout the island, dating back to the Neolithic era, was found in the Aspri Petra cave.

A stroll through Kefalos' alleyways, with its side-by-side houses, will reveal its picturesque dimension and will transport you directly to the rich history of the area. What will help you get there is the village's traditional house, which houses the Folklore Museum, a place where you can admire a complete representation of the rural life of the past and the mill right beside it.

It's also worth visiting the ruins of the old castle, which was built during the Knights era, located right next to the settlement. The major attractions in Kefalo's surrounding area are the paleochristianic basilicas of Agiou Stefanou on Kamari beach, dating to between the 5th and 6th centuries, the ruins of ancient Astypalaia and the chapel of Panagias Palatianis in the place of Palatia, which offers panoramic views of Kefalos bay, and also the Monastery of Agiou Ioanni with its perennial plane tree.

The village offers plenty of options for accommodation, both in hotels and rooms to rent and there's also a variety of places to eat. Take a seat on one of the beachside tavernas to dig into some fresh fish and local delicacies. You simply must try one of the local desserts, especially if it's prepared with local honey.

Kefalos is famous for its countless beaches, with Kamari, Agios Stefanos, Limniona, Paradise and Agio Theologo, being the most popular.